Luther: Martin Luther [INTJ 1w2]

Function Order: Ni-Te-Fi-Se

Martin is wrestling with spiritual concepts even in the monastery, before he’s sent away to Rome. His teacher believes he will benefit from seeing the religious artifacts there, but Martin instead has a moment of epiphany at the top of St. Peter’s stairs, in which he realizes that Roman Catholicism is a farce, a money-making machine, full of corruption and dissolute monks. He moves through cynicism into studying the scriptures for himself, where he immediately notices the inconsistencies between the way the Church has taken abstract concepts and made them into Indulgences. He also asks many intelligent questions which his superiors cannot answer (if the Pope has control over Purgatory, why would he not release everyone imprisoned there out of Christian charity, rather than making their family members pay for the privilege?). Though asked to question and revoke his statements for their controversial nature, Martin ponders over them and comes up with an articulate argument about how he cannot repudiate his work, because some of it is so good and valuable to the Church, even other people have begun to use it, and on the other issues, he is “not wrong.” The more Martin digs into his beliefs, the more he reaches firm conclusions and starts to tear apart traditional Catholicism. He intends it to create a conversation, rather than a revolt, and is angry when others twist his words, use them in ways he did not intend, and kill innocent people. Martin initially searches for a God of love, rather than of pity, and goes against his belief system to bury a suicide victim in sacred ground; he understands and believes that the Church has misinterpreted Christ, without being told. Eventually, Martin rejects the Catholic traditions entirely and translates the Latin scriptures in German, so people can read it for themselves. When Martin’s Fe-using superior asks him to reconsider what he is doing, Martin refuses, arguing that his superior was naïve to send him off to Rome “without thinking there might be a cost.” He urges his friend not to leave the protection of their group, because it might get him killed (and he is indeed captured and burned as a heretic). Martin urges the government to control the peasants in revolt, only to find out they slaughtered a hundred thousand of them, for which he feels deep remorse. He is stubborn in not moving off his opinions, and in holding by his own words, even when others threaten and intimidate him – “Here I stand, I can do no other.” He agonizes over his own decisions, and engages in frequent wrestling with demonic forces, condemning Satan and casting him away. Martin also comes up with vulgar cartoons to malign the cardinals with whom he agrees, and feeds their Papal bull to his own bonfire in retaliation once they burn his books. He became a monk out of sheer impulse on the road – overwhelmed by terror that he might get struck by lightning, he impulsively promised God he would become a monk (an emotional reaction, combined with inferior Se). Martin is picky about his environment, but not particularly active in it, and has a lot of health related problems that plague him.

Enneagram: 1w2 sp/so

Martin starts out absolutely terrified that God is going to punish him for his misdeeds, for every fault, spilled cup of wine, misspoken word, and bad thought. He often blames his own weakness on Satan, and rebukes him for the lies he tells that “cause an innocent boy to kill himself.” He is horrified to visit Rome and see the Church preying off poor people and monks visiting brothels; it fills him with disgust. When the Church refuses to bury a suicide victim in sacred ground, Martin does it anyway and informs the people watching him that God is one of love and forgiveness, not of sheer condemnation and abuse. He is angry about the Church selling indulgences to people who cannot afford them – enough that he speaks out against it, writes pamphlets against it, and tells off the Church authorities for their greed and lack of compassion for people. When rebuked for being wrong, Martin genuinely asks how he has been wrong, to “better myself.” But he also stubbornly clings to his statements and beliefs, seeing himself as in the moral right. His 2 wing genuinely cares about people and reaches out to them, showing kindness to them and finding ways to appeal to others and assist them, rather than alienate them. He also comes down hard on the peasants who “call themselves Christians” but burn and loot Churches and monasteries, telling them “for shame!”