“… it was not in her nature to question the veracity of a young man of such amiable appearance as Wickham.”of Jane Bennet, Pride and Prejudice
One of the sweetest characters in literature, Jane in Pride and Prejudice, has a pleasant, unassuming, and forgiving nature. The mild-mannered Jane rarely shows or shares her feelings (“she does not show her feelings even to me,” Lizzie says in the most recent screen adaptation). While her heart abounds in adoration for Mr. Bingley, Jane remains stoic and temperate in his presence. Her sister’s friend Charlotte urges Lizzie to tell Jane to show more affection than she feels, out of a concern that Jane’s stoicism will get read as disinterest. That proves to be the case. Her lack of outward passion convinces Mr. Darcy she is a fortune-seeker, and he tries to drive them apart.
When this happens, the stubborn Jane, determined to see the bright side and think ill of no one, insists Bingley must have a good reason to leave the area, that his sisters are not destructive or aligning against her, and that all will turn out well. Though she has every right to feel furious over what has happened to her, Jane remains calm. When her youngest sister runs off with Mr. Wickham, a man the entire family trusted, Jane assumes the best of him—that they must have gotten married along the way, since surely neither of them would bring such disgrace upon them all! Though worried, she displays no outright anger about the situation, and accepts Mr. Wickham as her brother-in-law after a forced marriage. She is tolerant, amiable, and generous of spirit. When at last she finds happiness in her engagement to Mr. Bingley, her father remarks that both of them are so amiable, their servants are likely to cheat them.
Jane must come to terms with her loss, admit her culpability in being left behind, and find it in herself to resent the deliberate mechanisms of Mr. Bingley’s sisters in trying to prevent her own happiness. She is the perfect example of an Enneagram 9.
Read on to learn more about Enneagram 9s.
- The Need to Avoid
- Psycho Spiritual Inertia and the Over-Adjusted Disposition
- Enneagram 9 Wings
- Social Variants
- Self-Preservation 9
- Social 9
- Sexual 9
- Spiritual Growth
The Need to Avoid
Enneagram 9s are peacemakers whose ability to accept others without prejudice makes others feel understood and accepted. They can be unbiased arbitrators, because they see and appreciate the positive aspects of both sides to any argument. Their sense of fairness makes them committed fighters for peace and justice. Others can accept their criticisms because of their ability to present the hard truth calmly and without accusation.
Despite the peaceful presence they present to others, 9s often feel inner fear and restlessness. Their lack of a powerful drive contributes to an internal vagueness. They struggle to understand their own nature—figuring out what they want and who they are is difficult. They are “everywhere but nowhere,” connected to everything. Often generalists, they can do a bit of everything but rarely master anything completely because they lack focus and determination. Some 9s lack courage or consider themselves to unimportant to display their talents before others. They fade in and out of everything without being noticed. They will continue a conversation started by others, but “go with the flow” and abandon it when others do.
They feel overlooked and lost, ignored even despite their occasional outburst, and so keep their anger to themselves. They want to understand both sides to avoid feeling trapped between two strong, opposing points of view. They often, when with others, feel the needs and interests of everyone else. Their internal temperament can be steady, without big highs or lows in their emotions. They want to remain comfortable and avoid straining themselves through tackling achievement.
Though easy to like because of being amiable and good-natured on the outside, 9s are hazy individuals. Their choice of the path of least resistance makes them fearful of decisions that may pin them down. They avoid anything too hard or that takes too much energy, even postponing important tasks or responsibilities. It’s easy for them to get distracted into nonessential tasks to avoid the big ones, such as meticulously cleaning the grout in their bathroom rather than tackling the stack of work on their desk. The bigger the anxiety of facing the undesirable task, the easier they fall into unimportant side tasks. They struggle with constant distraction, and their actions follow their thoughts. They can seem scattered or absent-minded, easily lose track of their thoughts, and tell long, distracted, convoluted stories rather than getting directly to the point.
They may consider themselves simple and uncomplicated. They are honest and lack any hidden motivations; this means they are sincere in what they say. Since it takes great time and effort to come up with their opinions, they can sometimes feel angry at themselves for sharing them, which “exposes” the truth of their thoughts to others. 9s often belittle themselves in their own and other people’s eyes. Their “humility” conceals a false modesty and uncertainty about who they are. It allows them to go unnoticed. They tend to self-medicate to numb themselves to unpleasant emotions or tasks, especially if the stimulus can give them a temporary boost of energy. They seek strong outer stimulation to compensate for an inner lack of it.
When upset or in a crisis, the 9 disappears to avoid burdening others with their problems. It never occurs to them that others may help them. They require love and attention to emerge from their self-imposed isolation. Part of the reason for their retreat sometimes is also to ‘detox’ from the world and its influences. When they are with you, you are inside them and in their head; your opinions are their opinions; your energy has bombarded them, and they need to go into a full retreat to center themselves in who “I” am. This only happens when alone in an immature 9 who has not yet learned to put up boundaries between merging into your opinions and holding their own. Their challenge in life is to discover and develop their feelings of self worth and their own inner drive, as separate from others.
Immature 9s lack any instinctual drive and never take initiative, develop projects, gain new perspectives, or finish what they start. They avoid being committed at all costs and need firm deadlines in order to keep going; if left to their own devices, nothing ever happens (they never date, ask someone to marry them, buy a house, change jobs into something they enjoy more, or learn self-sufficiency). Their trouble is by loving comfort as much as they do, they become lethargic and unmotivated.
They depend on being approached (noticed) by others before they can engage. They are prone to inertia in relationships and disappearing acts, where they may vanish for weeks or even months. When you contact them, they feel delighted and eager to respond. Immature 9s never think to contact you first. This can mislead the other types into assuming a lack of interest, but they come alive if you reach out. However, if responding to you requires effort or obligation, such as writing a long e-mail to catch you up, they will procrastinate and postpone it.
The secret of the 9 is beneath the mild disposition lies a layer of cynicism toward life and the people in it. There is also a passive aggressive element to their behavior. Their avoidance of commitment hides an arrogant self-absorption in that “you are not worth me inconveniencing myself.” They are a gut type and hostile toward the outer world. They can be stubborn and immobile, especially the more you want them to do something; rather than get forced into a decision that seems to them to be premature, they will resist, stall, and delay things to keep them “uncommitted.” If what you want them to do involves strenuous or complicated labor, they will become even more resistant to the idea, assuming they lack sufficient energy to do it.
To avoid conflict, 9s either ignore it or vanish. They may refuse to help resolve a situation and hope it fixes itself. If they retreat, it’s a form of aggression, because the 9 is good at sensing what other people want from them. Retreat is their way of saying no without initiating conflict by stating their feelings out loud. Their withdrawing is a passive-aggressive form of rebellion. Sometimes it’s even to cause an argument, because they want one but also want the other person to start it. They will use delaying, not showing up on time, being too slow, or “forgetting” a task to provoke others, thus increasing their energy enough to yell back. Sometimes, this happens after a long period of going along with the other person and their ideas, feelings, or thoughts. The 9 realizes somewhere along the way that they do not share them, but then must decide if a confrontation is worth it or not. Their rare violent outbursts often shock their loved ones, because they are so uncommon and out of character.
They prefer simplicity and clarity to the complex or convoluted. Immature 9s in this way avoid everything—life, the world, relationships, self-awareness, and challenges, because they feel they are up for none of it. 9s have no defense against the world and find it exhausting. They use up all their energy avoiding or deadening their powerful feelings. They may seethe inside, but look outwardly calm and composed. Young 9s focus too much on agreeing whether or not they agree with your opinion, rather than seeking a position of their own. The 9 most of the time tries to please everyone and be open to everything. They are excellent peacemakers, able to mediate and understand both sides in an argument. Their indirectness makes them disarming to others, enabling the 9 to easily earn other people’s trust.
In romantic relationships, 9s feel torn between a desire between symbiosis and independence. It can take years to let people in, commit to them, or get married. Once they learn who they are, the 9 can meet a partner without “vanishing into them” or becoming an extension of them. They also struggle to let other people go. The 9 often relives memories rather than moving forward, and can collect and accumulate clutter out of a reluctance to let anything or anyone go. Being left by someone feels like losing a limb. They hold on to relationships long after they have run their course, out of a “habit” of that person always being there. Their tendency to accept others means they may accept totally unacceptable behavior in others just to avoid confrontation. They often know what they do not want more than what they want.
One of their talents is their ability to do complex tasks without needing to devote mental energy to it. Once they establish a routine, they can do difficult jobs without a conscious mental awareness, often without mistakes. They can compartmentalize their brain and let their body do one thing, while they are thinking about something else entirely.
9s need to feel wanted and like they have something to contribute. They must learn that others believe in them, so they can believe in themselves. To overcome their cynicism about life, the 9 must learn to believe they are capable of purposeful and decisive actions. They must challenge themselves to act boldly and enjoy the risk. They need to find a focus point, so they can act intentionally. They must struggle deliberately against inertia and toward finding their own opinions rather than just responding to others. They should adopt a routine to make the best use of their energy. Schedules help them by removing the need to decide and thus procrastinating, and can help them avoid using addictive habits to avoid figuring out what they truly want. Habits and schedules give them a clear vision for their day, tasks to complete, and allow them to daydream at the same time. Instead of wishing and dreaming for things to happen, the 9 must challenge themselves to select the most obvious job and start doing it.
The 9 should feel and express anger and aggression inwardly until they break down their numbing defense systems. The more used to their own powerful emotions they get, the more easily they can learn to express them outwardly in constructive ways, rather than letting them simmer into passive-aggression. They need to take the initiative in relationships and challenge themselves to keep in touch and reach out to their friends more often. In difficult situations, the 9 must remind themselves that they have every right to the support of their friends and family and do not need to withdraw. The 9 must remember, above all, that they have much to give others.
Psycho Spiritual Inertia and the Over-Adjusted Disposition
The inertia or laziness of the 9 refers to a laziness of the psyche and of the spirit, rather than a tendency toward inaction, otherwise known as a deafening to the spirit and a loss of the sense of being—to the point of not even knowing the difference. A loss of internal-focus, a refusal to see, and a resistance to change. If not careful, the 9 begins with indifference and an attitude of not caring, extends to the deliberate refusal of joy, and culminates in a morbid introspection and despair. The 9 adopts tolerance to protect itself from the outer world, embraces disillusionment, and produces a sense of good-hearted, comfortable “earthiness.” The 9 has not learned to love themselves and has accepted this through a stoicism unparalleled in the other types (which makes the 9 the “least-sensitive” of all the types).
9s are content, generous people who experience a loss of inwardness, an aversion to psychological exploration, and possess a resistance to change that exists side by side with an excessive stability and a mantra of “don’t rock the boat.” Like the 4s and 6s, the 9 can be dependent. Unlike them, the 9 is incapable of resisting outside pressures. People and situations easily seduce them. They are kind, do not give others trouble, and are often reasonable, docile, laborious, and modest. They are sociable, good-natured, friendly, cheerful, humorous, jolly, hasty, calm, easily depressed, quiet, and soft-hearted. 9s find it easy to relax, and show a gluttony for food, company, affection, or social support. Their primary motive in life seems to be the assimilation and conservation of energy.
9s love physical comfort, have slow reactions, enjoy eating and socializing through doing so, are polite and ceremonious, possess a greed for affection and approval. They are people-focused, even-tempered, tolerant, complacent, need people when troubled, and oriented toward childhood and family relationships. 9s are duty-bound, hard-working, patriotic in sentiment, conform to belong, and have conservative ideas. They are overly pleasing and self-sacrificing while showcasing passive-aggressive behavior.
The 9 can spend their lives nurturing everyone except itself, giving much more than they receive and accepting the imbalance because the 9 feels they are the least important person in the family. They measure their worth only in terms of how much they supply to others.
Traits shared with dependent and submissive behaviors: unable to decide without an excessive amount of advice or reassurance from others; allows others to make most of the important decisions; agrees with others even when the 9 believes they are wrong, out of a fear of rejection; has difficulty starting projects or working alone; volunteers to do unpleasant or demeaning things to gain approval; feels uncomfortable or helpless when alone or goes to great lengths to avoid feeling alone; feels devastated when close friendships end; often fears abandonment; criticism or disapproval easily hurt them.
The 9’s center-of-gravity rests in others, not themselves. They adapt their behaviors to please those upon whom they depend and deny the thoughts and feelings that may arouse the disapproval or displeasure of others. They are self-effacing, ever-agreeable, docile, and ingratiating, denying their individuality, subordinating their desires, and hiding their true identities from others. They are outwardly calm, stoic, and pleasing, sympathetic; they have no desire to affect others, impress, influence, or change them. Though the 9 is always ready for peaceful coexistence, they may come across as not-warm or indifferent. The 9 strikes down any stormy emotions with a murderous coldness.
9s are grounded, aware of reality, practical, and dependable. They approach work with a sense of duty and dedication and often go unnoticed and unappreciated. The 9 feels hurt by indifference and needs others to appreciate them and the abundant services they offer. A 9 might keep a certain immaturity or underdeveloped sense of inertia, even in adulthood. They may crave the slow, protected, tranquil existence of childhood to the striving, competitive world of adulthood. The 9 has a lack of determination, which leads to low levels of ambition, energy, and drive. They are too easygoing, too resigned, or distasteful for the unnecessary ‘striving’ of life, not wanting to push or compete in a world that demands it.
9s are procrastinators, easily distracted, tarries, and fiddles with petty things rather than tackle the business at hand. They wear themselves out with minutiae to postpone undertaking harder, more serious tasks. They can be lethargic, apathetic, and phlegmatic, or a hard worker who perseveres to overcome or over-compensate for their inertia. They can sometimes reach a point of ‘insane industry,’ working day and night without letting up.
Psychological Inertia: 9s possess a loss of inner self, a lack of fire, and a lack of passion, because of blocking their emotions and desensitizing themselves to become “long suffering.” Their loss of inwardness leads to a deadening of feelings, either making them excessively complacent in self-expression or giving them a jovial disposition. The 9 has deafened their inner voices; they do not want to see or be in touch with their experiences. The 9 may be wholly ‘concrete,’ and possessed of an excessively earthbound attitude, motivated more for survival than the mysterious.
Over-Adaptation: leads to self-denial, self-neglect, inattention to personal needs, and an over-controlled disposition. It is not possible to adjust without the ability to take hold of oneself and inhibit one’s impulses. Therefore, the 9 may enjoy food—it is a way to indulge their physical appetites that does not provoke the intense unpleasantness of extreme ‘aliveness’ found in other activities. 9s are deliberate and responsible. They may postpone their own good and the satisfaction of their own needs in an excessive yielding to the demands and needs of others. To survive this, the 9 adapts self-forgetfulness.
Resignation: the 9 gives up of oneself and thus abdicates from oneself and from life. They play dead to stay alive. They are “lazy” in the observance of their own needs, contentedness, and giving up or not standing up for themselves.
Generosity: along with a goodness of nature, kindness, helpfulness, forgiving tendencies, and good humor. The 9s adapt an attitude of taking themselves lightly in order not to be a burden to others; and their friendliness is an attempt to be ‘for the other’ rather than for themselves. The 9 is an excellent listener, ready to be helpful, sympathetic, and comforting.
Ordinariness: 9s are unassuming. Their concern with excelling or shining is also low, and they may neglect their appearance. Yet, there is a deep and unconscious love thirst in their resignation and a wish for love retribution. 9s feel ‘loved’ by vicarious participation; living through others and becoming symbiotic with them.
Bound to Habit: 9s are creatures of habit, bound by custom and regularity, excessively concerned with protecting and preserving their sense of inner balance. They can be traditional, with an excessive attachment to the familiar, to group norms, or ‘how things are done.’ 9s possess a passion for psychological comfort.
Distractibility: the 9 approaches life with a strategy of not wanting to see, resulting in a diminished capacity for psychological self-insight and literalness. 9s get easily distracted, confused, and often possess terrible memories. This may be because of a lack of concentration, or they have pushed outer events into their side vision to remain in a state of inner harmony. The 9 will deliberately pursue distractions to avoid ‘seeing’ the world. They would rather numb themselves out, or distract themselves with TV, newspapers, sewing, cross-word puzzles, or anything else that gives them relief and comfort, rather than face the unpleasantness of the outside world and demanding tasks.
Putting oneself asleep through immersion in work, stimuli, or distractions, otherwise known as deflection—casting their attention on one thing, to avoid looking at another one, and often turning aside from direct contact with another person. 9s do this by laughing off what they say, not looking at the person they are talking to, being abstract rather than specific, not getting directly to the point, coming up with bad examples or none, politeness instead of directness, by substituting mild emotions for intense ones, talking about rather than talking to, and shrugging of the importance of what they just said. In this way, they “water down life.” Their action is off-target, weaker, and less effective. They or the person they are with can deflect contact, leading to frustration on both sides. The 9 can put up an invisible shield, experiencing itself as unmoved, bored, confused, blank, cynical, unloved, unimportant, and out-of-place. If the 9 can learn to engage rather than deflect their and other people’s energies, they heighten the sense of contact between themselves and others.
Another coping mechanism is a fantasy of fusion, or rejecting one’s own isolation, loneliness, and individuality from loved ones. This 9 cannot conceive of any but the most momentary difference of opinion or attitude. If there is no simple solution, rather than agreeing to disagree, the 9 will flee into isolation, sulk, withdraw, become offended, leave the ‘making up’ to others, or become ‘forgetful’ of the others’ needs through flagrant disregard. The disagreeing person has become an object of concern, and the 9 thrusts them aside. If the 9 repairs the relationship, they may become too agreeable, frets over slight differences, and need proof of their total acceptance. Sometimes, the 9 who cannot stand contradictions, bribes, bullies, or compels others to agree with them.
The 9 must grow into a place where they not only respect their own and others’ opinions, tastes, and responsibilities, but actively welcome the animation and excitement that comes from airing differences and disagreements. Confluence makes for routine and stagnation; contact for excitement and growth.
What created them: they often come from a large family, where they received less attention than desired and thus developed a sense of overall un-importance, or from a hard-working family with no time to spend upon the needy child who wanted love and to feel cherished. To get this desired love, the 9 became over-giving and self-denying. The 9 realized complaining or drawing attention to themselves would be of no use in attracting attention, or feels doing so might cause them to lose whatever they already have. They gave in to their natural inclination toward resignation, and learned to laugh things off, to convince others they are “okay.” They may have been the mother or father’s ‘helper’ and taken undo responsibility for another, thus depriving themselves of a childhood.
Where other types actively seek love, the 9s have resigned themselves to not receiving it, yet give in expectation of return. They feel it is inappropriate to express their love wish, but feel gratified when others acknowledge their efforts. The 9 radiates a sense of contentedness that often convinces others of the 9 being more at peace with, or more present, than they are.
To grow, the 9 must become more of a seeker of things—of themselves, of what the world offers, of their wishes, demands, and innermost desires. The 9 must venture outside their comfort zone, try unfamiliar things, step into another routine, and risk themselves to find themselves; but they must also learn to accept their anger and other feelings, and to believe themselves as deserving of love. It is all right to express themselves; not to want to give endlessly, and to say no. This may scare the 9, whose loved ones’ needs and joys have become their own, but is a vital step in their emotional development.
Enneagram 9 Wings
9s present in two different ways based on the influence of their preferred wing. While it’s possible to have balanced wings, or no wing at all, most people can relate to the traits, fears and defense mechanisms of one wing in particular.
9w8: The Referee
8s need to go against power and 9s need to avoid conflict. Anger energizes 8s while 9s avoid it at all costs. Thus there is an internal struggle between the dominant 9 and the suppressed but also visible 8 wing. The 9w8 is more energized, confident, stubborn, outgoing, and inner-directed than the 9w1, with greater access to anger and the ability to express it more openly. Often the 9 will suppress up to a point, then the 8 wing will explode in a flash and fade (a flash of anger that soon fades), leaving the core 9 with the desire and anxiety of “cleaning up the mess I just caused.” The 9w8, however, is still not as openly combative as the 8 or any other number with greater access to their anger. Though they will sometimes change their minds, the 9w8 finds it easy to be clear and direct about the things that matter most to them. They still will rarely act on their own behalf, but are energetic in championing for the underdog and the common good. They are more confrontational than the 9w1, but also quick to be consolatory.
Character Example: Harry Potter shows both the temperate nature of the 9 and the rebelliousness of his 8 wing, throughout the course of the seven Harry Potter novels. A boy often “seething” under the surface, for many years he does his best to avoid his uncle and aunt’s wrath, and lives a quiet life “in the cupboard under the stairs.” When Hermione and Ron spend much of the third book quarreling, Harry is both annoyed at them, and refuses to mediate between them after a certain point, choosing instead to “tune them out.” He is quick to defend others, coming to Neville’s defense against Draco Malfoy, and developing an antagonistic and resentful attitude toward Snape for his bullying tactics. (At one point, he and Ron almost ‘attack’ Snape outside his classroom for making Hermione cry. It’s fortunate Snape did “not hear them swearing at him.”) In the fifth novel, Harry often falls into his 8 wing, in his sheer rage at being left alone, with no news, after the death of Cedric Diggory all summer (Rowling uses ALL CAPS to express how loud, assertive, and angry he has become). Harry accepts his need to die to defeat Voldemort, as a necessary sacrifice, and calmly walks to his “death” surrounded by the loving ghosts of his parents and loved ones. A true ‘surrender’ of self.
9w1: The Dreamer
The 9 wants inertia and a quiet life while the 1 wing wants to be perfect, good, above reproach, and to keep things organized. Since the 9 represses anger and the 1 denies it exists in themselves, this makes for a 9 who has less access to their inner turmoil, their resentment, and less of an inclination to express their anger outwardly, because they will want to suppress it until it boils over into a “mood.” 9w1s have a strong sense of the difference between right and wrong. The 1 wing helps them stay a little more focused, so they can accomplish more (and also feel a need to “do more” according to the high standards of the 1). They are more critical of themselves and others, orderly, introverted, and passive aggressive than 9w8s. Because of their concern about matters of right and wrong, they’re apt to get involved in peacemaking or other social justice causes. They are principled and modest, known for their integrity and steady character.
Character Example: The desire to keep everyone around her happy is what we most remember about the capable, but timid Amy Dorrit in Charles Dickens’ classic novel Little Dorrit. Beset by resentful and demanding relatives (a sister who is an actress and thinks she deserves the best, a brother often in debt because he wants more than what he can afford, and a father whose pride has transformed his shame into a ridiculous sense of haughty aristocracy), Amy is the selfless, sweet, and good-natured girl who takes care of them all, who finds their insults hard to bear, who wishes she did not “shame them” so much, passes judgment on their rudeness, and holds herself to impeccable standards of kindness and goodness. She eventually comes to recognize her own self worth, learns to stand up for what she wants, and eventually has complete control over her own life and may marry whom she chooses, but never once surrenders her character.
Social variants determine how we respond to the world and where our major priorities in life lie. Attentiveness to bonding, social responsibilities, and how we ‘appear’ to others is in the realm of social (soc). Survival, fulfilling all of one’s needs, and a focus on ensuring one always has enough resources for a comfortable life is self-preservation (sp). Sexual displays, competing for attention, being like a moth to a flame in your pursuit of another person, or competing for a mate falls under the realm of sexual (sx). Read through each to determine which resonates the most with you.
The Self Preservation 9
Beatrice Chestnut Description:
The combination of the passion of laziness and the dominant instinct for self-preservation in Nines results in a personality subtype that Naranjo, following Ichazo, calls “Appetite.” The deeper motivation of this subtype of Type Nine is finding a sense of comfort in the world through the satisfaction of physical needs. This personality finds satisfaction in activities such as eating, reading, playing games, watching television, sleeping, or even working (if work is a comfortable thing to do).
Whichever form of activity is chosen by a given Self-Preservation Nine, the key is that this Nine expresses his or her need to find protection and well-being by merging with an experience of the satisfaction of concrete needs. In giving their attention over to a favored activity in this way, these Nines simultaneously avoid or “forget” their own being-or the pain of not being connected to their own being-and find a substitute sense of “being” in the comfort of the fulfillment of routine, everyday appetites.
For Self-Preservation Nines, it feels safer to take refuge in physical comfort, or in a routine that structures their experience in concrete and familiar ways, than to have to show up in the world and risk potential conflict or over-stimulation. It’s easier to erase yourself by losing yourself in comfortable activities than to reveal yourself or open yourself up to whatever unpredictable or complex thing might be happening in the outside world.
The name “Appetite” doesn’t refer just to eating, but also to the need to find a sense of well-being through the fulfillment of various physical needs–for food, for comfort, for restfulness, or for something interesting to pay attention to that provides a sense of support or structure or peace. Appetite also refers to concreteness, to the grounding aspect of fulfilling physical and material needs in simple, straightforward, tangible, and enjoyable ways. One Self-Preservation Nine I know focuses her self-care efforts on physical fitness and dieting in specific, routine ways. She belongs to a gym where she exercises with a close-knit community of people who all participate in regular early-morning workouts and support each other by going on periodic diets together based on the clearly articulated structure of a practical nutritional methodology.
Self-Preservation Nines are concrete people, oriented to immediate experience, who don’t relate much to abstractions or metaphysical concepts. With these Nines there is less “psychological mindedness” and introspection and more focus on tangible and immediate “things to do.” They find experience much easier to deal with than theory. They don’t always put their experience into words, however-they don’t talk a lot about what is going on inside them in general.
Naranjo describes the meaning behind “Appetite” as a kind of excessive “creature-likeness,” characterized by an “I eat therefore I am” or an “I sleep therefore I am” attitude that erases the question of “being” in a larger sense. For these Nines, the ordinary facts of life get in the way of thinking about abstract things, like what might be lacking in their experience. These are people who live life in a more simple, direct way.
More than the other two Type Nine subtypes, these Nines tend to want more time alone. Like the other Nines, Self-Preservation Nines habitually focus their attention on other people and on their environment, but Self-Preservation Nines can actually find it more relaxing and grounding to be by themselves, as it allows them to more fully relax into whatever activity they are engaged with. These individuals also tend to have a distinctive sense of humor characterized by a wry and self-deprecating attitude.
Nines are very loving people, but deep down they usually don’t have the sense of being loved-it’s as if they have resigned themselves to not actively receiving love for themselves. For the Self-Preservation Nine, the search for comfort in pleasurable activities may reflect a desire for compensation for their deeper sense of abnegation, or a giving up of the need for love, with the fulfillment of other appetites. The jolliness or fun-loving spirit of this type of Nine, though it is a very real, very endearing characteristic of this personality may be another kind of compensation for an early lack-they substitute fun for love.
Self-Preservation Nines tend to be active and intuitive, and they express a kind of subtle strength. This is the most “Eight-ish” of the three Nine subtypes. Their sense of inertia with regard to taking action places them firmly in the Nine type, so they are unlikely to be mistaken for Eights, but they do have forceful energy, especially in contrast to the Sexual Nine, which is a much less assertive character. Self-Preservation Nines have a stronger presence that the other two Nine subtype personalities, and they can be more irritable and stubborn. It can be very difficult for them to accept that another person is right. This subtype also lives a life of excess more than the other Nines, and while they don’t get angry very often, they can express the “fury of a peacemaker” when they get mad at people who cause problems.
John Luckovich Description:
Self-Preservation Nines are looking to experience Essential Harmony through their lifestyle and interests. Self-Preservation Nines are the most independent style of Nine.
Nines dominant in Self-Preservation will typically seek out lifestyles that provide enough independence that they don’t have to be answerable to or at the whim of other people’s agendas. This can mean keeping them in a kind of outward-focused busyness or an immobile slump that distracts them from fully seeing their present circumstances. There is a way in which they also “settle,” not quite going for what they really want to the extent they could and instead contenting themselves with lifestyles and desires that don’t require them to reach too far outside a limited comfort zone. They may view “getting by on a little” as humble or even virtuous and may seek to keep their “world small.”
Self-Preservation Nines are stubbornly entrenched in their habits and routines, so they put a great deal of energy into making sure too much isn’t demanded from them. Despite a reputation for being self-effacing and low-key, when certain boundaries are infringed on or demands placed on them, they can react with intense aggression.
Young Self-Preservation Nines are prone to having a difficult time in knowing what path or direction they want to take through adulthood, and they will delay choosing something definite for a great deal of time. They can be late bloomers in all areas of life, taking a long time to complete their studies or acquire certain skills. Following a path laid out to them by others, or sticking with an unrewarding job while making sure to look busy, are strategies of putting on a performance to parents and loved ones, appearing to be proactively reaching for a goal without taking any real steps. The struggle here is not that Self-Preservation Nines don’t have interests or talents, but they often easily give up on themselves.
Ironically, Self-Preservation Nines have some of the greatest potential for endurance of all the Enneagram Types, so once they have an aim they can get their energy behind, they typically achieve that aim and are not easily dissuaded nor taken off track. The difficulty comes in really pulling their energy out of distractions and into something that will enliven and challenge them.
Character Example: Queen Elizabeth II in The Crown exemplifies this brand of 9. By her own admission a “simple woman” of common needs, she contents herself with a life of structure, small pleasures (walks with her dogs, visits to Scotland, “stalking” deer on her country estates, and discussing homey things). She finds it difficult to know what she wants, and cannot even name her “favorite child” (much to her husband’s amusement) without interviewing each to assess their character afresh according to her moral standards. She is diplomatic, often shocked at her family’s rudeness and quick to reassure her guests or rearrange the schedule around them, but also finds it difficult to access her own feelings. She has become numb to them and sunken into what is ‘expected’ of the sovereign which is to hold no views. Something she urges her son Charles to do also, but… he cannot. Not with the natural ability to suppress, ignore, downplay, and force into the smoldering resentment that comes so easily to her.
The Social 9
Beatrice Chestnut Description:
Social Nines express the passion of psychological laziness (or sloth) through merging with the group, working hard in support of group interests, and prioritizing the group’s needs above their own. Social Nines are congenial characters with a need to feel like they’re a part of things-a need that expresses an underlying feeling of being different or not fitting in with the group or community. This person is a light-hearted, sociable, fun-loving character who expresses a driving need to be involved in the group.
The Social Nine’s need to participate comes from their deeper feeling of not belonging to the group. This feeling drives the Social Nine to overcompensate by being generous and sacrificing whatever is necessary to meet the needs of the group as a way of earning membership. They have an intense need to feel that they are a part of things, because they don’t feel that they are. They feel like they have to do something extra in order to be included in a group, so they work twice as hard to support the group to make sure they belong.
Social Nines have a passion for doing what is necessary to pay the ticket for group admission, for being one with that group-but it takes a lot of effort. Social Nines can be workaholics; they feel a need to work hard and give a lot. But it’s not just work-they energetically demonstrate friendliness and sociability; they don’t show their pain; they don’t burden others; and they don’t show people how much energy it takes to devote so much effort to the community. These are people who are generous and unselfish, mindful of the group, and gifted in meeting the needs of others to the point where they sacrifice themselves to satisfy the responsibility others want to put on them.
In contrast to the other two Nine Subtypes, who tend to be more subdued characters, Social Nines are very outgoing and energetic-this is what makes this the counter-type Nine. Social Nines have a special brand of strength because they feel motivated to fight for the needs of the group. Social Nines are extroverted, expressive, and forceful, and so they go against the inertia typical of Type Nine in some ways-but on the inside they still have a sense of laziness about their own needs and wants.
Social Nines make very good leaders-the best kind of leaders, in fact-in the sense that they are good, unselfish people who strive to satisfy the responsibility given them. They can be especially gifted mediators; they naturally want to translate differing opinions so that everyone is heard and conflict in the group is avoided. They put a lot of energy into their work as a leader. They have an ability to bear a lot, sometimes to the extent that they become a “human punching bag.” These Nines give of themselves unconditionally as a response to a deeper (sometimes unconscious) fear of abandonment, conflict, separation, and the potential loss of peace and harmony.
Social Nines like to control things, and they like to talk a lot. Because they work so hard for the group, they may have no time left for themselves. They tend to have very full lives-full of everything but themselves. And while Social Nines get their identity and their sense of reality form belonging, they often doubt their own existence, their own sense of self.
The outward expression of this subtype is more happy than sad, but theirs may ultimately be a kind of partial participation: underneath their cheerful exterior, their sense of not belonging persists and creates a kind of sadness that isn’t communicated to others. They don’t feel their suffering very much-but they don’t feel extreme, euphoric highs, either. They are more in the middle emotionally-neither hot nor cold-and they may be somewhat detached from their emotions and sensations.
Social Nines can look like Type Threes because they work very hard and accomplish a lot without showing the stress of it. But they differ from Threes in that they are much more reluctant to be in the spotlight and they don’t support the group to create an image or to win admiration from others. They may also be mistaken for Twos because they are active in meeting the needs of others, but they have much less need for approval and appreciation than Twos, and are generally more emotionally steady.
John Luckovich Description:
Social Nines are seeking to experience Essential Harmony through their relationships and their contributions to others. Social Nines tend to be the most outgoing, friendly, and charismatic Nines. Social Nines tend to be actively involved with other people, and despite their modesty, they often make a big impact. They can easily fall into a kind of caretaker or “therapist” role with others. Deeply supportive and self-effacing, Social Nines can feel taken for granted since they care for friends and loved ones and don’t ask much in return.
For Social Nines, autonomy conflicts can take shape as a tension between how much they give themselves over to relationships versus how much they keep for themselves. This can play out in Nines as compartmentalizing different aspects of themselves that get expressed in different relationships. They can be outwardly the most malleable Nine, while covertly keeping others at arm’s length. It means that the Social Nine stays dispersed and divided, both connected to and outside of relationships at the same time. They allow much of their personal self-expression to be determined more by the perceived needs of the relationship than from fully showing up as their whole self.
Sloth can manifest in Social Nine as preemptive self-rejection of their own gifts. They can hide their capacities, talents, and individuality in order to remain accepted by others. A conflict can emerge for people of this type in both wanting attention and recognition while also feeling that being too singled out is narcissistic or threatens the respect and connections they have with others. This can create a great deal of tension and inner resistance, leading to resentment, and in some cases, passive aggressive behaviors and occasional eruptions of anger.
The checked-out Social Nine may then rationalize they’re looking for a better relationship or better social conditions to more fully express themselves, but this fantasy is often a way to simply delay showing up in the present. Likewise, the flipside is that they may settle with certain friends and relationships that don’t have their best interests at heart or who encourage them to remain in limited identities.
Character Example: Unlike his friend and protector Sam, who finds the journey to Rivendell and beyond tedious in Tolkien’s masterpiece The Lord of the Rings, Frodo Baggins offers very little complaint—about the road or the people they encounter on it. When Sam wishes he was back in the Shire and enjoying the comfort of his own bed, Frodo peacefully tells him to just shut his eyes, ignore the “dirty great root” in the middle of his back, and go to sleep. Frodo has a dreamy nature, forgiving and malleable. He will sacrifice his own life and sanity to carry the Ring to Mount Doom and destroy it for the greater good. Frodo sees the good in Gollum that may or may not be there, because of his nonjudgmental disposition, and treats him with too much kindness and tolerance, and not enough distrust. Frodo is so incapable of withstanding the furious arguments over the fate of the Ring, he volunteers to take it for them. Throughout the story, various characters, from Elrond to Gandalf, remark upon his “extraordinary resilience” to the Ring’s evil, his ability to ignore it. But the closer he comes to its destruction, the more he merges into its evil. Yet, one of his greatest joys in his ordeal was to be in the Fellowship.
The Sexual 9
Beatrice Chestnut Description:
Sexual Nines unconsciously express a need to be through another- to gain a sense of “being” they don’t find inside themselves through fusion with somebody else. They unconsciously use relationships to feed their sense of being because it can feel too challenging or threatening to be on their own; they substitute another person’s agenda for their own because it feels more comfortable to stand or be through another. These Nines may not even realize they have made this substitution, however; it often happens at a subconscious level.
Sexual Nines are not connected to their own passion for living (in the good sense of the term “passion”), and so they try to locate it by blending with another person. When they are in close relationships, they may have the sense that there are no boundaries between their experience and that of important others. The merging with the other takes the form of an energetic taking on of feelings, attitudes, beliefs, and even behavior. These Nines feel a sense of loneliness or abandonment that seems like it can only be filled by another person, whether or not they realize it consciously.
The problem inherent in this stance, of course, is that true union- a real relationship between two people – requires that both people stand on their own feet before coming to meet each other. But Sexual Nines may experience difficulty in standing on their own two feet, being grounded in themselves, and living out their own sense of purpose, so they look for it in another person.
Individuals with this subtype can merge with a partner, a parent, a close friend, or any important person as a way of finding a life purpose and avoiding their own experience of the lack of such purpose. They have a sense of uncertainty about their own identity and a lack of structure in their lives, and they look to other people to satisfy their sense of who they are and what they want without realizing this is happening.
Sexual Nines tend to be very kind, gentle, tender and sweet. They are the least assertive of the Nines. However, the tenderness they express, like other gestures of caring that come from the personality rather than the real self, can be, to one extent or another, false. More than the other two Nine subtypes, these Nines can have a difficult time locating their own motivation to act in support of their own initiatives. They can even know they want to do something and not be able to do it for a long time, especially if it involves any kind of conflict with others.
Sexual Nines defend against the pain of early separation (and separations in general) by unconsciously denying the existence of boundaries. This is an attempt to avoid being aware of their own deeper sense of isolation, aloneness, and individuality. This Nine may have the sense that “I am when with the other.” In maintaining the important connection in tehir lives, they may be so focused on meeting the needs of others that they betray their own needs. When this occurs, they may engage in passive-aggressive forms of rebellion, such as avoiding someone or ignoring something important in a way that affects the relationship.
Sexual Nines can resemble Type Fours, as they may feel a sense of melancholy and experience and express similar themes and feelings related to relationships. Having their center of gravity in others means they have a special sensitivity to the wishes and moods of the important people in their lives and an acute awareness of the push-pull connection and disconnection dynamics in relationships. However, while Fours are self-referencing, Sexual Nines are primarily other-referencing, and they may take on the feelings of another as opposed to having more immediate awareness of their own emotional ups and downs, as Fours do.
Sexual Nines may also share central concerns with Type Twos in that they can lack a solid sense of self and then look to their important relationships as a way to find self-definition or a sense of identity. Twos differ from these Nines, however, in that they focus more attention on constructing an image. Twos also usually enjoy being the center of attention, while this is much less comfortable for Sexual Nines.
John Luckovich Description:
Sexual Nines are looking to experience Essential Harmony through chemistry and sexual relationships, and their attraction style tends to be more focused on inviting attraction rather than outright pursuit. Sexual Nines have a flirtatious style that balances an edginess with reassuring sweetness. The imaginative quality of this type can lend itself to a great deal of creativity or idealism, but this can suffer from a lack of grounding.
Sexual Nines know how to temper the aggressive edges of the Sexual Drive with attunement more skillfully than other Sexual Types. The good-natured quality of Nine supports people in feeling relaxed and comfortable in letting their guard down.
Despite usually being attractive, however, Sexual Nines can struggle with feeling overlooked, unseen, or unwanted. Sexual Nines are typically confident in their physical appearance, but they suffer when they feel elements of their personality are unacceptable or uninteresting, or when they simply can’t “find themselves.” They can feel they disappear beneath their sexual display or that they aren’t wanted unless they’re attractive.
People of this type will put pressure on themselves to attract yet may come to feel resentful toward their partner for having compromised their own autonomy in order to remain alluring. This can lead them to either spacing out—hiding something of themselves from their partner so they can’t fully “give themselves away”—or mysteriously breaking off the relationship because they’ve felt they couldn’t really be themselves. As an expression of Sloth, Sexual Nines may settle for a partner who may not value them or support their growth. When a Sexual Nine is very unhealthy, they may have a manipulative side, using their desirability and sexuality to get by in life at the expense of really developing themselves. Their sexuality can be dissociated, “leaking” inappropriately, and they can give themselves to partners who don’t value and respect them.
Character Typing: An international ‘heartthrob’ and an interesting character in his own right, Jamie of the Outlander series is this kind of 9. Passive, malleable, and addicted to Claire like the air he breathes. His entire world revolves around her, he will go to any lengths to protect her, and he endures (stoically) much torment, punishment, humiliation, and abuse on her behalf because he has merged into her. Claire is his entire world… and he shows both the fire of his sexual subtype in his defiance and heated, argumentative nature (as a 9w8) and an over-adjusted disposition. Jamie wants to do little more than lie with his wife most of the time. To him, it’s a symbol of their merging and closeness. Though initially resistant to her desire to return to the future, over time Jaime makes it his own mission to help her find her happiness. In a later season, he becomes a sexual toy for a woman because his resistance has faded into nothingness without Claire in his life as a stabilizing force. He hates the scars on his back, yet shows them everywhere he goes at the behest of his lord. He will take punishment for others, rather than let them suffer.
Peeta Mellark’s undying devotion for Katniss Everdeen in The Hunger Games also displays the devotion and ‘merged’ nature of the 9; he does not care if he lives or dies, so long as the woman he loves survives.
Spiritual Growth Suggestions
As 9s work on themselves and become more self-aware, they learn to escape the trap of creating discomfort and disharmony by erasing themselves to create peace and harmony. By creating a stronger connection to their own internal world, asserting their needs and wants, and acting more powerfully on their own behalf, they can avoid their tendency to over adjust to others to the point of total self-forgetting.
Notice when you are…
Self-forgetting to go along with the wishes and wills of others. Observe what happens when someone else asks you what you want. Tune in to what’s going on when you have a priority and distract yourself with less important matters. Look out for how you use passive-aggressive behaviors and look for clues about what anger is motivating it. Note any activities you engage in to fall asleep to yourself.
Avoiding/diffusing conflict to stay comfortable and avoid separation. Note all the ways you diffuse tension, mediate conflict, and avoid disharmony. What do you do? How do you feel at the threat of conflict? What makes you uncomfortable? What do you do to stay comfortable?
Getting stuck in inertia over your own priorities. What happens when you need to act and don’t? What do you do to distract yourself? What are you avoiding? What does decision-making feel like inside you? What do you get out of not deciding? How do you feel when change happens?
Questions to ask yourself:
- How and why did these patterns develop?
- What emotions are these patterns designed to protect me from?
- Why am I doing this?
- How are patterns of avoidance and self-numbing operating in me?
- What are my blind spots, because of these patterns?
- What do they keep me from seeing?
- What are the consequences of continuing to be this way?
- How do my coping mechanisms trap me?
To counter-act self-forgetting to comply to others’ wishes and wills.
- Practice “remembering yourself.” Tune into yourself, feel yourself, and be conscious of yourself at the moment.
- Ask yourself what you want and have others ask you too. If you keep asking yourself what you want, after a while, “I don’t know” becomes a specific answer.
- Fake it until you make it. If you don’t know what you want, make something up. Your “guess” might be close to the truth.
To counter-act avoiding/diffusing conflict.
- Re-frame conflict as a positive thing that brings you closer to others. Realize that arguments can be a way to get to know each other, learn to trust each other, and resolve differences.
- Work to get in touch with your anger and be more direct. Anger is power and brings a passion for living. Experiencing anger doesn’t mean always showing it, but directness in expressing yourself and what you want will improve your relationships.
- Practice giving and receiving feedback. Practice giving feedback to people you trust. Start small and work up from there. Remind yourself that feedback and conflict does not automatically lead to separation.
To counter-act inertia over your priorities.
Remind yourself to stay comfortable leads to discomfort. Denial of practical realities will cause problems. Be proactive and positive about thinking through the consequences of resisting change. Remind yourself that “not choosing” is a choice. Allow yourself to imagine positive outcomes. You need to learn to act to get what you want.
Using your integration and disintegration numbers for self-growth:
Move to 6 by adopting the analytical skills and proactive activity to support self-protection. The 6’s alertness in intuiting and tuning into threats and overall alertness can balance your desire to stay comfortable and self-distraction. Go into your head to analyze what’s happening in your life and internalize how you are self-forgetting and how that might threaten you in the long term.
Move to 3 by reminding yourself it’s okay to want attention and important to value yourself and your accomplishments. Act in positive ways, strive to meet specific goals, and think about how others perceive you. Using 3 integration will reclaim your ability to get things done.
Sources: Richard Rohr, The Enneagram: A Christian Perspective, Claudio Naranjo: Character and Neurosis, Don Richard Riso and Russ Hudson, The Wisdom of the Enneagram, Beatrice Chestnut, The Complete Enneagram: 27 Paths to Greater Self-Knowledge; John Luckovich. Sections quoted or paraphrased. Please purchase the original books for more information.